|        A Resource for Teachers, Clinicians, Parents, and Students by the Brain Injury Association of New York State.|
Step 1: Organize observations relevant to the problematic behavior/issue
In many cases, there are several contributors to the student’s identified problem. These contributors may interact with each other, therefore, it may be necessary to combine tests from different categories of possibilities. The existence of several interacting contributors may become obvious as you proceed through individual intervention experiments.
Attention deficit: Some students may appear to be inflexible and engage in ritualistic behavior as a result of problems with components of attention. (See Tutorial on Attention.)
Relevant observations: The student has difficulty shifting attention from one thing or activity to another. The student has difficulty doing two things at once (e.g., listening to the teacher and taking notes). These behaviors may interfere with the student’s ability to learn and retain information and generate ideas. The student does not appear to have other problems that could explain the difficulty attending. Medical records may indicate a neurological basis for this difficulty.
Useful experiments for assessment and intervention:
Possible referrals: Physician to explore possible neurological basis and possible medication intervention; school psychologist for assessment of attentional functioning
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