|        A Resource for Teachers, Clinicians, Parents, and Students by the Brain Injury Association of New York State.|
Step 1: Organize observations relevant to the problematic behavior/issue
In many cases, there are several contributors to the student’s identified problem. These contributors may interact with each other, therefore, it may be necessary to combine tests from different categories of possibilities. The existence of several interacting contributors may become obvious as you proceed through individual intervention experiments.
Task avoidance: Some students may be inconsistent in their behavior and performance as a way to avoid specific tasks. (See Tutorials on Noncompliance; Errorless Learning; Problem Solving; Initiation; Behavior Management: Prevention Strategies; Behavior Management: Contingency Management.)
Relevant observations: The student engages in unpredictable behaviors when tasks are difficult or otherwise undesirable.
Useful experiments for assessment and intervention:
1. Observe and record the frequency and/or intensity of the problem behavior when a new teaching strategy or support is being implemented versus when it is not being implemented.
2. Possible exploratory teaching strategies or supports for task avoidance (See Tutorials on Noncompliance; Errorless Learning; Problem Solving; Initiation): (1) Systematically observe and compare behavior in a setting and/or activity that the student enjoys (e.g., Gym) versus a setting and/or activity that the student does not enjoy (e.g., Math). (2) Add enjoyable elements to tasks that the student appears to avoid. (3) Simplify the tasks that the student appears to avoid, add the assistance of a collaborator, or in other ways ensure success.
3. If the frequency and/or intensity of the targeted behavior decreases during intervention, then task avoidance may be contributing to the problem behavior. (See Tutorials on Noncompliance; Errorless Learning; Problem Solving; Initiation; Behavior Management: Prevention Strategies; Behavior Management: Contingency Management.)
Possible referrals: School psychologist or behavior specialist for behavioral assessment and behavior management strategies
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