|Problem: The student engages in off-task and possibly distracting behavior.
|Behavioral Possibility: Non-preferred Activities
Step 1: Organize observations relevant to the problematic behavior/issue
- Who is reporting the problem?
- When does it occur? (Include time of day, activities etc).
- Where does it occur?
- What tends to precede the problematic behavior/issue?
- What tends to follow the problematic behavior/issue?
- What is the age and functioning level of the student?
- Previous documentation/charts?
Step 2: Identify possible contributors to the problematic behavior/issue
Some students may engage in off-task and possibly distracting behavior in the classroom as result of being required to participate in non-preferred activities. (See Tutorials on Positive Behavior Supports; Behavior Management: Contingency Management; Behavior Management: Prevention Strategies.)
Relevant observations: The student tends to engage in off-task behavior when asked to engage in non-preferred activities. He may feel that he does not need to engage in non-preferred activities
Useful experiments for assessment and intervention:
- Observe and record the frequency and/or intensity of the problem behavior when a new teaching strategy or support is being implemented versus when it is not being implemented.
- Possible exploratory teaching strategies or supports for resistance to non-preferred activities: With the student, identify preferred versus non-preferred activities. Then systematically observe and record the student’s responses to the preferred versus non-preferred activities.
- If the frequency and/or intensity of the targeted behavior varies significantly with the student’s preferences, then the student’s need for preferred activities may be one of the contributing factors to the student’s problem behavior. (See Tutorial on Positive Behavior Supports; Behavior Management: Contingency Management.)
Possible referrals: School psychologist or behavior specialist for behavioral assessment and behavior management strategies